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What is Hyperpigmentation and How to treat it

What is Hyperpigmentation and How to treat it

  • Hyperpigmentation is when a patch or area of skin is darker than the surrounding skin.
  • It is caused by excess melanin production.
  • Melanin is the compound which gives us our skin color.

Causes are…

  • age/ liver spots- occur due to sun exposure. Occur commonly on the hands/ face and areas exposed to the sun.
  • Melasma/ chloasma- they are bigger than age spots. Usually triggered by hormonal changes for example pregnancy or birth control pills.
  • Post- inflammatory- due to acne, allergy, burns, lupus or post-surgery

Remedies

  • Sunblock- which offers protection against UVA and UVB rays.
  • Prescription creams used to lighten the skin- may contain hydroquinone, kojic acid, arbutin, azelaic acid. retinoids or corticosteroids.
  • Vitamin C serums
  • Chemical peels which are done by physician

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